diseases affect the heart and surrounding blood vessels and can
take many forms, such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease
artery disease happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart
muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the build up
of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner
walls. As it grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As
a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs.
Coronary artery disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis.
Cholesterol and other fatty substances accumulate on the inner
wall of the arteries. They attract fibrous tissue, blood components,
calcium and harden into artery clogging plaques. Congenital
defects and muscle spasms can also block blood flow.
Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood
pressure is elevated. It is also referred to as high blood pressure.
Hypertension can be classified as either essential (primary)
or secondary. Essential or primary hypertension means that no
medical cause can be found to explain the raised blood pressure.
It is very common because about 90-95% of hypertension is essential
hypertension. Secondary hypertension indicates that the hight
blood pressure is a result of (i.e., secondary to) another condition,
such as kidney disease or tumours (adrenal adenoma).
of stroke are atherosclerosis, hypertension, thrombosis, embolism,
cerebral hemorrhage etc.
most common symptoms of heart disease are:
Shortness of Breath
Chest Pain or Discomfort
Increase Heart Beat
important to know your risk factors and your family history.
If you have diabetes or if you have a family history of Heart
disease, you are more likely to have health problems from Heart
Do 30 minutes brisk walk daily.
Keep your blood pressure under control.
Keep your Cholesterol levels under control.
Control blood sugar level.
are the key dietary factors that can lower the risk of heart disease,
of LDL cholesterol by reducing saturated fat intake.
Lowering of Triglyceride levels by reducing consumption of sugary
and processed foods.
Reduction of Homocysteine levels by supplementation with Vitamins
B6 and B12 and folic acid.
Increased antioxidant activity by higher consumption of fruits
Lowering of fibrinogen and growth factors by cutting back on
foods such as red meat, dairy products, poultry and eggs.