is a disorder of lipoprotein metabolism, including lipoprotein overproduction
or deficiency. Dyslipidemias may be manifested by elevation of the
total cholesterol, the "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
cholesterol and the triglyceride concentrations and a decrease in
the "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
concentration in the blood.
Dyslipidemia comes under consideration in many situations including
diabetes, a common cause of lipidemia. For adults with diabetes,
it has been recommended that the levels of LDL, HDL, total cholesterol
and triglyceride be measured every year.
The most important cause of dyslipidemia is lifestyle with excessive
dietary intake of saturated fat and cholesterol.
Other common causes include diabetes mellitus, alcohol overuse,
chronic kidney disease, hypothyroidism, liver diseases and drugs.
Patients with type 2 diabetes are especially at risk of developing
Dyslipidemia itself usually have no symptoms but can lead to
symptomatic vascular disease, including coronary artery disease
and peripheral arterial disease.
cholesterol increases your risk of heart disease and heart attacks.
You can reduce cholesterol with medications, but if you'd rather
make lifestyle changes to reduce cholesterol, you can try these
five healthy lifestyle changes. If you're already taking medications,
these changes can also improve their cholesterol lowering effect.
some extra pounds even just a few contributes to high cholesterol.
So losing as little as 5 to 10 pounds (about 2 to 5 kilograms)
can help reduce cholesterol levels. Start by taking an honest
look at your eating habits and daily routine.
If you eat when you're bored or frustrated, take a walk instead.
If you pick up fast food for lunch every day, pack something
healthier from home.
If you're sitting in front of the television, try munching on
carrot sticks instead of potato chips as you watch.
Look for ways to incorporate more activity into your daily routine,
such as using the stairs instead of taking the elevator.
Eat heart healthy foods.
if you have years of unhealthy eating under your belt, making
a few changes in your diet can reduce cholesterol and improve
your heart health.
Choose healthier fats. Saturated fats, found in red meat and
dairy products, raise your total cholesterol and low-density
lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, the "bad" cholesterol.
Instead, Choose Leaner Cuts of meat, low-fat dairy and monounsaturated
fats found in olive, peanut and canola oils for a healthier
Eliminate Tran’s fats. Tran’s fat can be found in
fried foods and many commercial baked products, such as cookies,
crackers and snack cakes.
Limit the cholesterol in your food. Aim for no more than 300
milligrams (mg) of cholesterol a day less than 200 mg if you
have heart disease. The most concentrated sources of cholesterol
include Organ Meat, egg yolks and whole milk products.
Select whole grains. Various nutrients found in whole grains
promote heart health. Choose whole-grain breads, whole wheat
pasta, whole wheat flour and brown rice.
up on fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are rich
in dietary fiber, which can help lower cholesterol. Snack on
seasonal fruits. If you prefer dried fruit to fresh fruit, limit
yourself to no more than a handful (about an ounce or two).
Dried fruit tends to have more calories than does fresh fruit.
Exercise on most days of the week.
you're overweight or not, exercise can reduce cholesterol. Better
yet, moderate physical activity can help raise high density lipoprotein
(HDL) cholesterol, the "good" cholesterol. With your
doctor's OK, work up to 30 to 60 minutes of exercise a day. Just
be sure that you can keep up the changes you decide to make. Consider:
Taking a brisk daily walk during your lunch hour.
Riding your bike to work.
Playing a favorite sport.
To stay motivated, find an exercise buddy or join an exercise
you smoke, stop. Quitting
can improve your HDL cholesterol level. And the benefits don't
end there. Just 20 minutes after quitting, your blood pressure
decreases. Within 24 hours, your risk of a heart attack decreases.
Within one year, your risk of heart disease is half that of a
smoker. Within 15 years, your risk of heart disease is similar
to someone who never smoked.
Drink alcohol only in moderation.
use of alcohol has been linked with higher levels of HDL cholesterol
but the benefits aren't strong enough to recommend alcohol
for anyone who doesn't already drink.
too much alcohol can lead to serious health problems, including
high blood pressure, heart failure and stroke.
healthy lifestyle changes aren't enough to lower cholesterol levels.
Make sure the changes you choose to make are ones that you can continue,
and don't be disappointed if you don't see results immediately.
If your doctor recommends medication to help lower your cholesterol,
take it as prescribed, but continue your lifestyle changes.